Marjatta Hietala, Ph.D., M.Pol.Sci

CV and Publications

Academy Professor
Department of History
FIN-33014 University of Tampere
Tel. +358 3 3551 6539,
Tel. +358 50 562 0839

Current research themes

My current research is a long-term analysis of the centres for research and of innovative environments, created first in European, later in American cities. Special focus will be on how they have impacted the attractiveness of the select cities. One of the examples is Berlin at the end of 19th century. It became an international centre for sciences, especially for medicine, which attracted scholars from different countries.

The prerequisites of innovativeness include the presence of individual scholars, scientific communities, and cities. My study will discuss the extent to which the creation of innovative centres and the careers of individual scholars have been connected to private sources of funding, such as the Rockefeller foundation, and to changing political situations. One of the hypotheses tested is that political and economic crises have increased the number of innovations within a community.

Both research topics are connected to the mobility of researcher. According to modern research, creation of knowledge draws upon 'diverse sources of expertise and multiple forms of knowledge', central of which is face-to-face communication. When looking into scholars' mobility, particularly of those most prominent, networks transpire as the most important.

The earlier research

After I defended my thesis "Der neue Nationalismus in der Publizistik Ernst Jüngers und des Kreises um ihn 1920-1933" at the University of Helsinki in 1975, I have published numerous books and articles on Urban History, Diffusion of Innovations, History of Ideas, Methodology, Social History and History on Science.

I have done comparative long-term urban historical research from various perspectives, on Nordic and international levels. I have analyzed the building of the infrastructure in German and English towns, explored the municipal decision-making processes and good administrative practices, as well as looked into the discussions about the public and private providers of services. I have emphasized the importance of diffusion and accumulation of know-how in the development of Nordic cities in which process the networking of decision-makers was especially significant (Services and Urbanisation at the turn of the Century : The Diffusion of Innovations 1987; Tietoa, taitoa, asiantuntemusta: Helsinki eurooppalaisessa kehityksessä I-III, 1992).

In my latest book (co-author Marjatta Bell) Helsinki the Innovative City : Historical Perspectives. 2002 I analysed the main trends in the development of Helsinki to the centre of information technology.

International and Finnish Affiliations

Since 1983 I have been a member of the Commission internationale pour l´histoire des villes , and in 1992 projects of the Commission: Interaction between the Countryside and Towns, Foundation of Towns, The Significance of Fairs and Exhibitions for the Development of Towns, and Destruction and Reconstruction of Towns. One of the main activities of the Commission is the preparation of historical maps (Historical Atlases). Currently I participate in a research group that is drafting an Historical Atlas of Helsinki. I have also presented papers and conducted sections in the biannual conferences organized of the European Association of Urban Historians. Moreover, I am a permanent correspondent of the International Commission for the History into European Food History, and have been the president of the Comité International des Sciences Historiques, Comité des Historiens Finlandais since 2000.

In Finland much of my activities take place in the Finnish Historical Society and the Finnish Society for Urban Studies, the founding members of which I belong. As a member of the Academy of Finland, Research Council for Culture and Society (1995-2000), I took part in planning research programmes on urban research, on science studies, on economical crises and on the "On Both Shores of the Gulf of Bothnia" programme. In 1995-1999 I was the Finnish member in the Research of the Developing Countries Division.

I have taught in several Finnish universities and taught and done research in several international research institutes and universities (Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für vergleichende Städtegeschichte, University of Minnesota, New York City University, Charles University of Prague). Furthermore, I have spent several research periods in German, American, Swedish and English archives and libraries. Moreover, I was the Finnish partner in the European Union Distance Learning Project on the History of the European Urbanization in which seven European universities participated.

I have acted as a referee for international foundations and research councils. In addition, I have been an overseas correspondent for the Urban History since 1989 and the Finnish editor for the Scandinavian Journal of History in 1982. Furthermore I have been an external reviewer for several professorships in history in Sweden, Norway and Finland.

Main publications in 2002-2009

Marjatta Hietala (with Martti Helminen and Merja Lahtinen, toim./eds.) Helsinki. Helsingfors. Historiallinen Kartasto, Historic Towns Atlas, Scandinavian Atlas of Historic Towns, New Series No2, Finland,  Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskus Helsinki Urban Facts,  Hämeenlinna  2009,  205s.

Marjatta Hietala, Epilogue, Cities, Competition, and Cooperation. Prospect meets Retrospect in   Another Global City. Historical Explorations into the Transnational Municipal Moment, 1850-2000 (eds. Pierre-Yves Saunier and Shane Ewan), Palgrave-Macmillan, New York 2008, 185-193.

Marjatta Hietala, Helsinki -Examples of Urban Creativity and Innovativeness, in Creative Urban Milieus. Historical Perspectives on Culture, Economy, and the City, (eds, Martina Hessler and Clemens Zimmermann) Campus Verlag, Frankfurt/New York, 2008, 335-352.

Marjatta Hietala (ed. with an introduction), Tutkijat ja sota. Suomalaisten tutkijoiden kontakteja ja kohtaloita toisen maailmansodan aikana ( Researchers and the War. Contacts and fates of the Finnish Scholars and Researchers during the second world war). Historiallinen Arkisto 121, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura (Finnish Literature Society) 2006, pp 484.

Marjatta Hietala, The development of international contacts in the 20th century, Research in Finland - A History, ed. Päiviö Tommila Aura Korppi-Tommola (eds.), Helsinki University Press 2006, 131-146.

Marjatta Hietala (with Peter Clark), Helsinki and Green Space, 1850-2000: an introduction, The European City and Green Space. London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg, 1850-2000,( ed. Peter Clark), Historical Urban Studies, Ashgate 2006, pp. 175-187.

Marjatta Hietala, Viborg and its Innovativeness. The Cosmopolitan City of Finland in Karelia until 1940, in, Sakta vi gå genom stan. City Strolls, ed. Mats Berglund. Monografia utgivna av Stockholm stad 176, Stockholmia förlag. Stockholm 2006.

Marjatta Hietala, Tutkijat ja Saksan suunta (Contacts between Finnish and German Scholars and Reserachers during the Second World War), in Tutkijat ja sota. Suomalaisten tutkijoiden kontakteja ja kohtaloita toisen maailmansodan aikana. ( Researchers and the War. Contacts and fates of the Finnish scholars and researchers during the second world war). Historiallinen Arkisto 121, Finnish Literature Society 2006., pp. 30-141.

Marjatta Hietala (with Mervi Kaarninen), The Foundation of an Information City: Education and Culture in the Development of Tampere, in e-City.Analysing Efforts to Generate Local Dynamism in the City of Tampere, (Eds. Antti Kasvio &Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko), Tampere University Press, Tampere 2005., pp. 183-215.

Marjatta Hietala-Tanja Vahtikari (eds.), Landscape of Food. The Food Relationship of Town and Country in Modern Times, Studia Fennica Historica 4, Finnish Literature Society, Tampere 2003.

Marjatta Bell & Marjatta Hietala, Helsinki - The Innovative City. Historical Perspectives, Finnish Literature Society Editions 857, Finnish Literature Society & City of Helsinki Urban Facts, Jyväskylä 2002, 447 pp.

Marjatta Hietala, Zum Schularzt gehen, Milch trinken, Sport treiben. Hygiene als Volksaufklärung oder Sozialdisziplinierung , teoksessa:"Sei sauber...!" Eine Geschichte der Hygiene und Öffentlichen Gesundheitsvorsorge in Europa, Herausgegeben vom Musée d'Histoire de la Ville Luxembourg, Wienand Verlag, Köln 2004, pp 286-301; French Edition Marjatta Hietala, Aller chez le médecin scholaire, boire du lait et faire du sport. L´hygiène - éducation du peuple ou discipline sociale, àtraaavers léxemple des pays nordiques, "Lave-toi…!". Une de L´Hygiène et de la Sante publique en Europe, Èdité par le Musée d´Histoire de la Ville de Luxembourg, Wienand Verlag, Köln 2004, pp. 286-301.

Marjatta Hietala, Food and Nature produce from Finland´s forests during the twentieth century, teoksessa: The Landscape of Food. The Food Relationship of Town and Country in Modern Times, Studia Fennica Historica 4, Finnish Literature Society, Tampere 2003, pp. 185-197.

Marjatta Hietala, Transfer of German and Scandinavian Administrative Knowledge: Examples from Helsinki and the Association of Finnish Cities, 1870-1939, in: Formation and Transfer städtischen Verwaltungswissens, Hrsg. Nico Randeraad, Jahrbuch für Europäische Verwaltungsgeschichte 15, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden 2003.

Marjatta Hietala, Urban History in Finland, teoksessa: Stadtgeschichte und Historische Informationssysteme. Der Ostseeraum im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert, Beiträge des wissenschaftlichen Kolloquiums in Rostock vom 21. bis 22. März 2002, pp 168-183.

Marjatta Hietala, Tutkimuksen rahoitus ja kansainväliset yhteydet, in: Suomen Tieteen Historia 4. Tieteen ja tutkimuksen yleinen historia 1880-luvulta lähtien, (Eds. Päiviö Tommila, Allan Tiitta), WSOY 2002, pp 492-509, 525-561. (The English translation: Financing of science, humanities and social sciences; International contacts of Finnish scholars.)

Marjatta Hietala, Tutkijoiden verkostoista yliopistojen vaihtosuhteisiin - kansainvälisten yhteyksien kehittyminen, teoksessa: Suomen tieteen vaiheet, (Eds. Päiviö Tommila ja Aura Korppi-Tommola), Yliopistopaino, Helsinki 2003, pp.127-142.

Marjatta Hietala, Minne menet historiantutkimus? Historiantutkimuksen tila ja tulevaisuus, Historiallinen aikakauskirja 100 vuotta, Historiallinen aikakauskirja 1/2003, pp. 105-112.

Marjatta Hietala, Fear of Fires. Impact of Fires on Towns in Finland at the Beginning of the 19th Century, teoksessa: Cities and Catastrophes. Villes et catastrophes. Coping with Emergency in European History. Réactions face à l´urgence dans l´histoire européenne, Geneviève Massard-Gilbaud, Harold L. Platt, Dieter Schott (eds.), Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien 2002, pp. 141-162.

Marjatta Hietala, Urban history in Finland, teoksessa: City of Helsinki Urban Facts /Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskuksen neljännesvuosijulkaisu Quarterly/Kvartti 3/2002, pp.14-17. (In Greek 2004).

Marjatta Hietala, Maailmankuvan aineksia historiantutkijoille -esimerkkinä katastrofit, in: Muistiin painettua. Kansalliskirjaston kulttuuriaarteita, Otava 2004, pp. 129-132. (Also in English: Printed in the memory: literary treasures in the National Library of Finland and in Swedish: Tryckt i minnet: kulturskatter i Finlands nationalbibliotek)

Marjatta Hietala: Kalliolle kukkulalle. Käsityksiä terveellisestä asuinympäristöstä, in: Rakkaudesta kaupunkiin. Riitta Nikulan Juhlakirja/ For Love of the City. Festschrift to Riitta Nikula, Gummerus 2004, pp. 29-39. (To the rocky hill. Conceptions of healthy living environment)

Marjatta Hietala, Opiskelupaikkana Berliini suomalaisten naisopiskelijoiden Maikki Fribergin ja Agnes Sjöbergin kokemana, in: Meillä Euroopassa. Juhlakirja professori Päivi Setälälle 20.1.2003, Otava, Keuruu 2003, pp. 193-207. (Berlin as a place to live as experienced by Finnish women students Maikki Friberg and Agnes Sjöberg, in: For us in Europe, Festshrift to Päivi Setälä)

Marjatta Hietala, Historia ja yhteiskuntaoppi, oppi osaamiseksi - Tieto tulokseksi. Ylioppilastutkinnon 150-vuotisjuhlaseminaari, (toim. Aatos Lahtinen - Lea Houtsonen), Helsinki 2003. (History and civics, learning to learn - knowledge as a result, the 150th celebration seminar of the matriculation examination)

The major international conferences in 2002-2006

The Finnish Education System and its Role in Knowledge based, Innovation-driven Economy. Lessons to be learned? Knowledge for Africa´s Development: Innovation, Education,and ICTs. Johannesburg, May, 8-10.2006.

Organised (with prof Luda Klusakova ) a session Methods and problems in Comparative Urban History, searching for New Indicators of Success and Backwardness of Towns. The Seventh International Conference on Urban History. Athens - Piraeus, 27 - 30.10.2004.

Kunskapsstaden som tillväxtmotor, in the Nordiskt Historikermöte. Stockholm, 4 - 8.8.2004.

Networks of experts and municipal officials in the field of urban infrastructure development. The 6th International Summer Academy on Technology Studies. Urban Infrastructure in Transition: What can we learn from history? Deutschlandsberg, July 11 - 17.7.2004

Organised with Professor Riitta Hjerppe (University of Helsinki) the ESTER- Advanced Seminar. Infrastructure, environment and urban culture: industrial and post-industrial societies. Tampere, 12 - 15.11.2003.

Utilization of Time, University of Waseda, Japan 6.10.2003.

Key factors behind the innovativeness of Helsinki, The European Metropolis 1920 - 2000, Berlin, Dec. 12 - 15. 12. 2002.

What makes a Milieu innovative, Wired to Technology, Conference at the Museum of Technology 8.11.2002.

The 50th Anniversary Workshop of the Finnish Economic History Association, Lammi 31 October - 1 November, 2002.

Suomalaisten tutkijoiden ulkomaiset yhteydet, Esitelmä seminaarissa Suomen tieteen historia - teos ja tulkinta, Tieteiden talossa 29.11.2002. (International networks of Finnish scholars. History of Finnish science publication seminar, The House of Sciences and Letters, Helsinki, 29.11.2002)

Discussant in the session Den moderna storstaden, Conference at Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, 22.11.2002

Historical Atlas for Helsinki. Power, Knowledge and Society in the City, The Sixth International Conference on Urban History Conference, Edinburgh 5 - 7 September, 2002. Edinburgh, 5 - 7.9.2002.

Another side of innovative Helsinki: workers' area behind the waters. Session: Urban development transformation and socio cultural change in town divided by water, The Sixth International Conference on Urban History Conference, Edinburgh 5 - 7 September, 2002.

Upplysning om hygien. Utländska influenser på finska läkares engagemang inom livsmedelskontrollen i Finland. Exempel Helsingfors från 1870-talet till 1920-talet. Kungliga skogs- och lantbruksakademi, Stockholm 9.4.2002.

Urban History in Finland, Arbeitstagung, University of Rostock 21.3.2002.

Fortifications and Fortified Cities in the Early Modern Period in the North: Examples of the Diffusion of International models to Sweden and Finland. L'Aquila, Italy, 8.3.2002.

Curriculum Vitae and a Longer List of Publications in Pdf-format