(The 'Deep' South)
Basic Geographical References:
- East-West uses the Mississippi River as a dividing
line between Eastern and Western 'halves' of the U.S. While
geographically inexact, it is the only prominent 'divider' in roughly the
right location and is also significant from U.S. colonial history (see map). The East-West division has some
official uses, for example in Federal Communications Commission assignment
letters' for broadcast radio and television stations.
- North-South based on the historic Civil War (1861-65)
between the northern Union States and the southern Confederate States.
The region is essentially that from the Atlantic Ocean westward to the
Mississippi River, divided by the Ohio
River and the 'Mason-Dixon
Line' (see also 'Dixie')
- The middle image at right shows in dark gray an 'exact'
geographical separation of the South as the territory south of the Ohio
River and east of the Mississippi River. However, the area in light gray
west of the Mississippi River (the southern half of Missouri and the
states of Arkansas and Louisiana) had technically been part of the
Confederate States via the 1820 Missouri
Compromise and is often included in definitions of the 'South'. The
red area of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona is generally considered to be
the 'Southwest,' although part of Texas is sometimes included in
definitions of the 'South' (see U.S. Regions and
- The image at bottom right shows in red the classic 'Deep South'
states of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina, the
predominately subtropical 'flatland' region of stereotypical Gone With
the Wind-type cotton farming and plantation life. Some have expanded
the Deep South definition to also include the gold-colored states of
Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina and Florida.
(Northeast-South-Midwest-West #2 Division)
(The Mountain and Great Plains States)
(The Four Standard U.S. Time Zones)
(U.S. Land Elevation/Relief Map)
(Basic Mountains and Rivers)
(Major Rivers Highlight Map)
Major Mountains and Rivers
- The three maps to the right show the mountain
ranges and rivers used above as boundaries of the major U.S. regions.
- The Land Elevation map at the top shows the
Appalachian and Rocky Mountain ranges. In the middle (southern Missouri
and northern Arkansas) the Ozark Mountains can also be seen.
- Note the distinction between the 'Appalachian Mountain Range' and
the 'Appalachia' Region, one of the
poorest economic regions of the U.S., otherwise known in folk legend for
population and legendary feud between the Hatfield
and McCoy families [Wikipedia]. To a lesser extent the Ozark
Mountains have also been known as the home of hillbillies, in large part
due to a long-running TV series called the Beverly
- The rural population of Appalachia and the Ozarks are also known
more positively in folklore via such Appalachian-based films as
[Wikipedia] (see also audio clip
[YouTube]) and Ozark-based oral history collections as Vance Randolph's
in the Snow.
- Also part of U.S. popular culture are the Catskill Mountains of southeastern New
York State, especially the section of it known as the 'Borscht belt'
(a.k.a. the 'Jewish Alps')
- The bottom map shows the principal rivers of the U.S., the
Missouri, Columbia, Colorado,
St. Lawrence (and St. Lawrence
Seaway) and Rio Grande, in
addition to the Mississippi and Ohio rivers already discussed. In
addition to these, minor rivers of note include the Potomac (which
flows through Washington, D.C.) and Hudson
(one of New York City's two major rivers, along with the East River).
(Original U.S. agricultural 'belts')
and Other 'Regionalities'