Author notes promote good scholarly practice by providing additional
clarification from the author's 'expertise.' They help readers understand
better both the paper content and the relationship or background details
of sources relevant to the paper. While author notes are not 'required' as
such for [normal] academic papers, their use is encouraged, and most
papers include ample opportunities to use them.
. In an HTML document these should be
'internal hyperlinks' to the Notes section at the end of the paper.
(See instructions for how to code internal hyperlinks below.)
The Notes (Note if there is only one) section should
immediately follow the body of the paper, before the Works Cited.
In the Notes section, each note should be numbered to correspond
to the superscripts in the text. With HTML papers, one may use
either the <OL> ("ordered list") command to number the notes
(which is easiest), or place individual superscripted numbers before each
Examples of Author Notes
Examples of author notes can be found in papers by (among many other good
A: 'Content' or 'Explanatory' Notes
Hakolampi (The Finnish Spitz...) explanation of
'dogs'/'bitches' vs 'male/female'
Laaksonen (Police Dogs in Finland) note on dogs having
- Anne Aaltonen
(Finnish Immigration to Australia in the 1950s and 1960s) (1)
Further information on Herman Dietrich Spöring; and (2) explanation
of citation procedure for two 'similar' Works Cited entries by Olavi
Taarluoto (Finnish Video Game Journalism) explanation of '7'
as 'average' in the standard Finnish secondary grading system
Eskelinen (Donald Duck As a Finnish Institution) front-page
advertising in Helsingin Sanomat
- Tarmo Hietamaa one and
(Curse Words and Identity in "Frozen Land") reference and
- Päivi Aalto
(V. Linna's Under the North Star varying translations)
- Martti Latva (From
Patronage to Prohibition) definitions of "draff" and "corn"
Seppänen (The Development and Social Impact of the Finnish
School Catering System) explanation of educational terminology
equivalence; meaning of 'thanking for food'
Sylvelin (The Victims of the Finnish Civil War) definition of
Snellman (Finnish Territorial Waters and Naval Surveillance)
map defining and locating the Archipelago Sea
B: 'Bibliographic' or 'Source' Notes
- Katri Mattila
('Posti': the Finnish Post and Postal System) bibliographic note
on Jukka-Pekka Pietiäinen's histories
- Saija Suomaa
(Currant Production in Finland: Past, Present and Future)
bibliographic note on where further information can be found on the
healthy influences of berry consumption
Rautiainen (The President's Independence Day Reception)
bibliographic followup on the Winter & Continuation Wars; 'mead'
Kyllönen (The Tribes of Finland) bibliographic followup
on the Swedish and Saame minorities in Finland
Paatero (Differences ... in The Great Gatsby) note on
How to Code Superscripted Internal Hyperlinks in HTML Papers
The HTML syntax for superscripted internal note hyperlinks is twofold.
First, establish a "target" for your internal hyperlink. Just above the
Notes section header, enter, for example, <a name="notes">.
Then, when a reader of your paper clicks on a superscripted note number
elsewhere on the page (for example by clicking "Top" at the bottom of this
page see the following paragraph), they will end up at your
"target" at the beginning of your Notes section.
Then, for each of your numbered notes, use the following syntax:
This first establishes a clickable
internal hyperlink to your "notes" target (as defined in the paragraph
above), and then turns on the "superscript" command for the number
of the note defined in this example as X
and then turns off the "superscript" command after the number, and finally
turns off the internal hyperlink.
Once you have coded this the first time, and checked that it works, you
could use copy-and-paste to transfer the HTML coding sequence to the next
note location, if your paper has more than one note (remember to replace
the "X" with the number of each successive note).
Finally, use the HTML <OL> 'ordered list' command to list your
notes. Use a <LI> 'list item' entry (perhaps also preceded by a
<P> 'paragraph-break' command for greater separation and clarity)
for each separate note. This will automatically enumerate and indent the
notes, and multi-line notes will have an indented sub-margin, leaving the
number of each note clearly visible at the outer margin to the left.