Any political party that is not one of the two parties that have dominated
U.S. politics in the 20th century the Republican Party and the
Democratic Party and that receives a base of support and plays a
role in influencing the outcome of an election.
Voting for candidates of different political parties in the same election say, voting for a
Democrat for president and a Republican for senator. Because ticket splitters do not vote for all
of one partys candidates, they are said to split their votes.
An informal gathering of an officeholder or candidate for office with a group of people, often
local, in which the audience raises questions directly to the officeholder or
A type of public-opinion poll that allows candidates to follow, or
track, voters sentiments over the course of a campaign.
For the initial survey, the pollster interviews the same number of voters
on three consecutive nights for example, 400 voters a night, for a
total sample of 1,200 people. On the fourth night, the pollster interviews
400 more voters, adds their responses to the poll data, and drops the
responses from the first night. Continuing in this way, the sample rolls
along at a constant 1,200 responses drawn from the previous three nights.
Over time, the campaign can analyze the data from the entire survey and
observe the effect of certain events on voters attitudes.